TOP 10 best SLR cameras: which camera is better than a DSLR or digital

Why DSLRs are better than digital cameras

In fact, it is difficult to compare these devices, since SLRs go far ahead in terms of quality. Their main advantages are:

  • you can change the lens;
  • good color rendering;
  • the matrix captures more light, so it can shoot where digital devices cannot be used;
  • a large number of functions.

Important! You should not buy cameras, looking only at the number of pixels, as this is not an indicator. Specialists are able to obtain images of a sufficiently high quality even with a device up to 5 megapixels, knowing the photography technique.

Video - How are DSLR cameras different from mirrorless cameras

The only drawback of mirror models is the price. It starts at 20,000 rubles and ends with several hundred thousand rubles. But expensive devices are essential for professionals. There is no flash, as it often prevents the desired image from being obtained when working at short distances. But without it, it is difficult to work for beginners and those who take amateur pictures.

But it should be noted that digital devices also have their own advantages:

  • several useful features;
  • pictures of moderate quality, which is enough for amateurs;
  • small price;
  • you can choose the required focal length;
  • takes up little space.

Important! Choosing a digital camera, you need to understand how it will be used and what budget is available. Based on this, you can search for a suitable model. The most important parameters are the sensor, flash and viewfinder.

Recently, users are more and more willing to buy mirror models. It is worth following this rating in order to purchase a reliable and inexpensive device that will meet the basic requirements.

TOP-10 rating of the best inexpensive SLR cameras

Inexpensive SLR cameras are used by hobbyists and novice photographers. Their price does not exceed 50,000 rubles. This also includes the lens. Some models are sold with two lenses, but they are not worth paying attention to. A quality lens is expensive. The camera itself, if it uses good optics, also cannot be cheap. Therefore, it is optimal to choose a model with one lens.

A photo Name Rating Price
Best inexpensive Canon cameras
#one Canon EOS 4000D Kit

⭐ 100 / one hundred

2 - voices

Find out the price
# 2 Canon EOS 1300D Kit

⭐ 99 / one hundred

Find out the price
# 3 Canon EOS 600D Kit

⭐ 98 / one hundred

Find out the price
#four Canon EOS 200D Kit

⭐ 97 / one hundred

1 - voice

Find out the price
#five Canon EOS 100D Kit

⭐ 96 / one hundred

Find out the price
Best inexpensive Nikon cameras
#one Nikon D5300 Kit

⭐ 100 / one hundred

Find out the price
# 2 Nikon D3400 Kit

⭐ 99 / one hundred

Find out the price
# 3 Nikon D3300 Kit

⭐ 98 / one hundred

Find out the price
#four Nikon D3200 Kit

⭐ 97 / one hundred

Find out the price
#five Nikon D3100 Kit

⭐ 96 / one hundred

Find out the price

Best inexpensive Nikon cameras

Nikon offers a wide range of models for professionals and amateurs. It is a leading manufacturer of optics in the global market. If you should start acquaintance with a DSLR camera, then you should choose the Nikon brand.

5. Nikon D3100 Kit

A great device suitable for hobbyists. Suitable for taking high quality pictures and videos. It does not require any special settings, the automation is excellent. The sensitivity of the matrix is ​​from 100 to 3200 units, and the focal length of the built-in lens is 18 - 55 mm. The varifocal lens model allows you to magnify without loss of quality. The device is light, small and handy. The charge is enough for up to 500 shots.

Nikon D3100 Kit

Nikon D3100 Kit

Characteristics:

  • 14.2 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • there is a matrix cleaning;
  • 8 optical elements;
  • timer up to 10 seconds;
  • optical stabilizer;
  • speed of 3 frames per second;
  • the flash operates up to 13 meters;
  • autofocus on 11 points;
  • LCD screen 3 inches.

pros

  • pictures of really good quality;
  • excellent automation, practically nothing needs to be adjusted on your own;
  • the flash works at a long distance;
  • light weight;
  • color rendering;
  • there is a training mode for beginners;
  • the menu is quite simple;
  • intuitive interface.

Minuses

  • the matrix is ​​not very good;
  • a large lens greatly changes the balance, so it can be inconvenient to work;
  • there is no way to shoot with a wireless remote control.

Nikon D3100 Kit

4. Nikon D3200 Kit

A high-quality unit with a powerful image processing system Expeed 3. It allows you to get high-quality photos of a professional level, although the price of the device is relatively low. Sensitivity 100 - 6400 units. Thus, you can take pictures in bright sunlight and in a dark room. The ergonomic design helps in the work, as the hand does not get tired for a long time. This is especially important for beginner photographers.

Nikon D3200 Kit

Nikon D3200 Kit

Characteristics:

  • 24.72MP;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • cleaning the matrix;
  • 8 optical elements;
  • aspherical lenses;
  • timer up to 20 seconds;
  • speed of 4 frames per second;
  • the flash operates up to 13 meters;
  • autofocus on 11 points;
  • LCD screen 3 inches.

pros

  • good shooting speed;
  • good build;
  • user-friendly design;
  • buttons can be customized;
  • the lens works silently;
  • good matrix and optics;
  • varifocal lens.

Minuses

  • at ISO more than 800 noise appears;
  • the blue tint is noticeable in the video, but you can correct it yourself;
  • the pictures have to be finalized, they do not reach the professional level.

Nikon D3200 Kit

3. Nikon D3300 Kit

This camera has a modern matrix that allows you to get high-quality images. You can work in any weather conditions. Ergonomics at a height, there are no problems with balancing either. The minimum sensitivity is 100, which is the standard for amateur devices. Maximum 25,600. The variofocal lens is equipped with aspherical lenses. One charge is enough for about 700 photos. The device is recommended for amateurs and novice photographers who are not ready to pay big bucks for a camera.

Nikon D3300 Kit

Nikon D3300 Kit

Characteristics:

  • 24.7 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • cleaning the matrix;
  • 9 optical elements;
  • aspherical lenses;
  • timer up to 20 seconds;
  • speed of 5 frames per second;
  • the flash works up to 12 meters;
  • autofocus on 11 points.

pros

  • decent budget mirrors;
  • acceptable price;
  • small size and weight;
  • there are many modes for taking cool pictures;
  • the Picture Control system has been developed;
  • enough pixels;
  • autofocus works well.

Minuses

  • the case is not sealed;
  • the amount of memory is small, you must use a memory card;
  • HDR is inferior when compared to more expensive cameras;
  • a complex device for the amateur who has never worked with SLR cameras, and the manual is 300 pages.

Nikon D3300 Kit

2. Nikon D3400 Kit

A small and handy camera with a user-friendly interface and customizable buttons. That is, everyone can create a menu the way he needs. It all depends on what functions you have to use more often. There is an application for phones so that the pictures will immediately go there. Synchronization is carried out via Bluetooth. When shooting video, fps = 60.

Nikon D3400 Kit

Nikon D3400 Kit

Characteristics:

  • 24.2 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • 12 optical elements;
  • aspherical lenses, 7 aperture blades;
  • timer up to 20 seconds;
  • speed of 5 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 12 meters;
  • autofocus on 11 points.

pros

  • convenient and small camera;
  • good filling;
  • the lens works silently;
  • training mode;
  • metal bayonet;
  • excellent zoom;
  • customizable buttons and intuitive interface;
  • large battery capacity;
  • synchronization with a smartphone or other mobile device.

Minuses

  • there is no connector for an external microphone;
  • few compatible lenses.

Nikon D3400 Kit

1. Nikon D5300 Kit

One of the best inexpensive SLR cameras from this manufacturer today. There is a Wi-Fi and GPS module. The lens is varifocal, like other models. The pictures are of high quality, and when scaling, there is practically no noise. Autofocus and stabilization system allow you to work without a tripod. The user himself can set the shooting parameters, depending on their own preferences.

Nikon D5300 Kit

Nikon D5300 Kit

Characteristics:

  • 24.7 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • 12 optical elements;
  • timer up to 20 seconds;
  • speed of 5 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 12 meters;
  • autofocus on 39 points.

pros

  • excellent color reproduction, which allows you to get vivid pictures;
  • a large reserve of capacity at the battery;
  • many points for autofocus;
  • high shooting speed;
  • small size;
  • no problems with mastering for a beginner;
  • the display can be rotated in any direction;
  • the system itself processes noises so that they are less when there is a lack of illumination or an excess of light.

Minuses

  • high price;
  • the zoom is small in a standard lens, professionals will have to buy another.

Nikon D5300 Kit

Using the table, you can take a closer look at the difference between these models:

Model Number of megapixels Focal length (mm) Autofocus points Flash range (m)
Nikon D3100 Kit 14.2 18 - 55 eleven thirteen
Nikon D3200 Kit 24.2 18 - 55 eleven thirteen
Nikon D3300 Kit 24.7 18 - 55 eleven 12
Nikon D3400 Kit 24.2 18 - 55 eleven 12
Nikon D5300 Kit 24.7 18 - 55 39 12

These are Nikon's most popular low-cost DSLRs. Nikon D5300 Kit deservedly takes the first place, as it has the most modern matrix. The characteristics are also good. But there are no fundamental differences between the cameras included in this TOP-list, if you do not take into account the Nikon D3100 Kit. They are insignificant and lie in the usability and configuration of the device.

Important! Do not chase pixels, it is better to pay attention to the quality of the lens and its capabilities. Also, the sensitivity (ISO) greatly affects the quality of the pictures.

Best inexpensive Canon cameras

Another well-known global manufacturer that offers many models of cameras. The company is engaged in their production and creation of optics. Many novice photographers started with a camera from this company. Consider a list of the best low-cost devices available today.

5. Canon EOS 100D Kit

This is one of the cheapest and most reliable cameras from Canon. Here you can find all the functions you need to get good pictures. There is a control panel if shooting is done using a tripod. The battery lasts about 350 photos.

Canon EOS 100D Kit

Canon EOS 100D Kit

Characteristics:

  • 18.5 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm or 29 - 88 mm;
  • crop factor 1.5;
  • 9 optical elements;
  • timer up to 10 seconds;
  • speed of 4 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 12 meters;
  • autofocus on 9 points.

pros

  • small size;
  • reproduces colors well;
  • reasonable price;
  • face recognition mode;
  • you can choose a lens upon purchase;
  • there are all the necessary functions for novice photographers;
  • nice design.

Minuses

  • the screen is not rotatable;
  • few focus points, and only one cross-type;
  • is slow in Live View.

Canon EOS 100D Kit

4. Canon EOS 200D Kit

This model will provide the user with good pictures. It's easy to manage. Not suitable for amateurs and beginners who want to connect their life with photography. The flash is built-in, operates up to 9.8 meters. When purchasing, you can choose a lens. Data is transmitted to mobile devices using Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.

Canon EOS 200D Kit

Canon EOS 200D Kit

Characteristics:

  • 25.8 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm or 29 - 88 mm;
  • crop factor 1.6;
  • 13 optical elements;
  • speed of 5 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 10 meters;
  • autofocus 10 points.

pros

  • easy adjustment of white balance;
  • light weight;
  • it is easy to figure out how to work with the camera;
  • good lenses;
  • synchronization with mobile devices;
  • capacious battery;
  • with ISO 1600 there is practically no noise.

Minuses

  • the body looks fragile;
  • few points of autofocus.

Canon EOS 200D Kit

3. Canon EOS 600D Kit

This camera is designed for taking pictures from a long distance. It allows you to obtain high quality images with a large zoom. The user can choose the appropriate lens, depending on the specifics of the work. ISO from 100 to 6400 units. The battery lasts for almost 450 photos.

Canon EOS 600D Kit

Canon EOS 600D Kit

Characteristics:

  • 18.7 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 135 mm or 29 - 216 mm;
  • crop factor 1.6;
  • 16 optical elements;
  • speed of 3 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 13 meters;
  • autofocus on 9 points.

pros

  • great device for shooting from a long distance;
  • many useful functions;
  • comfortable screen;
  • ergonomic design.

Minuses

  • you have to use an additional memory card;
  • to work at short distances, you need to buy another lens.

Canon EOS 600D Kit

2. Canon EOS 1300D Kit

Not a bad budget option for amateur and novice photographers. The price is small, the control is clear. Even people who have not worked with SLR models before can figure out the peculiarities of using the camera in a few minutes. If necessary, the standard kit lens can be subsequently replaced with another one.

Canon EOS 1300D Kit

Canon EOS 1300D Kit

Characteristics:

  • 18.7 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm or 29 - 88 mm;
  • crop factor 1.6;
  • 11 optical elements;
  • speed of 3 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 10 meters;
  • autofocus on 9 points.

pros

  • acceptable price;
  • good battery;
  • you can control the device using Wi-Fi module remotely;
  • synchronization with mobile devices;
  • clear interface;
  • enough functions;
  • autofocus is not bad for beginners.

Minuses

  • it is not always possible to immediately connect to the router;
  • no rotary display;
  • the turn of the mirror is loud.

Canon EOS 1300D Kit

1. Canon EOS 4000D Kit

One of the best budget devices from this company. Meets the basic requirements of aspiring photographers and hobbyists. There are many useful features, good color rendition. Reviews of this model on the Internet are usually positive. However, the lack of an optical image stabilizer can be a serious problem for hobbyists, so it makes sense to buy an extra tripod.

Canon EOS 4000D Kit

Canon EOS 4000D Kit

Characteristics:

  • 18.7 megapixels;
  • lens 18 - 55 mm or 29 - 88 mm;
  • crop factor 1.6;
  • 11 optical elements;
  • speed of 3 frames per second;
  • flash length up to 12 meters;
  • autofocus on 9 points.

pros

  • price;
  • build quality;
  • capacious battery;
  • good mirrors;
  • compact and lightweight;
  • simple control;
  • can sync with other devices.

Minuses

  • a lot of noise when shooting at night;
  • video noise;
  • difficult to work without a tripod.

Canon EOS 4000D Kit

Using the table will make it easier to understand which of these cameras is better:

Model Number of megapixels Focal length (mm) Autofocus points Flash range (m)
Canon EOS 100D Kit 18.5 18 - 55/29 - 88 912
Canon EOS 200D Kit 25.8 18 - 55/29 - 88 ten ten
Canon EOS 600D Kit 18.7 18 - 135/29 - 216 9thirteen
Canon EOS 1300D Kit 18.7 18 - 55/29 - 88 9ten
Canon EOS 4000D Kit 18.7 18 - 55/29 - 88 912

Canon offers fewer pixels compared to Nikon, but this has almost no effect on image quality. The budget models are very similar in their characteristics. Therefore, when choosing, you need to be guided by needs. The ability to choose a lens is an important advantage of budget devices from this manufacturer.

Video - The camera is like a webcam for streaming!

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If you are a beginner amateur photographer and do not know a system camera or SLR, which is better to choose. What is the difference between the representatives of these devices, which camera is better to buy at the initial stage, then you need to familiarize yourself with the material presented in this article. Here we will look at how a system camera differs from a DSLR. What models are on the market today.

Features of SLR cameras

What is a DSLR or a DSLR? This is how professional photographers call this type of devices, how do they differ from ordinary cameras for photography? DSLRs are devices that use a mirror in the design of the optical viewfinder, located at an angle of 45 degrees to the axis of the lens. All representatives of this type of cameras are equipped with interchangeable optical equipment that can be changed depending on the conditions and peculiarities of shooting. As a rule, devices of this type have rather impressive dimensions for a camera due to the design feature. An overview of the main advantages of SLR cameras:

  1. Viewfinder. Since the viewfinder in such devices is optical, it allows you to see the raw image in real time without delay.
  2. Fast autofocus.
  3. Great possibilities for connecting removable optics for different shooting conditions.
  4. Best picture quality.
  5. Cameras instantly turn on, which allows you to immediately start shooting, without waiting for the device to "wake up".
  6. High shooting speed.
  7. Long battery life. For example, some models are capable of producing up to three thousand frames using a single battery charge.
  8. The flash is built into the body of the device.
  9. Simplicity, speed of customization. Usually, the body of DSLRs is designed in such a way that the user can easily adjust the functions of the device using buttons or wheels that are located on the body of the device.

The main disadvantages of this type of cameras include:

  1. Large dimensions of the device.
  2. The weight of the device, which can sometimes reach two kilograms when assembled.
  3. They are quite inconvenient for transportation, since, due to the large dimensions of both the devices themselves and the removable parts, they require a large carrying bag that can withstand a weight of up to 15 kg.
  4. These devices are rather fragile and require particularly careful handling.
  5. A good device of this type has a high cost.

The rating of the best models of devices of this type includes such representatives as:

  • Nikon D3300 series. A compact camera representative with a mirror in the viewfinder with an electronic guide function for aspiring professionals. The device is equipped with a powerful digital matrix, which allows shooting in the dark;
  • Sony model Alpha 68. This device is distinguished by fast focusing, good sensor, user-friendly interface;
  • Canon EOS Rebel T5 or 1200D series. A budget model of a mirrorless camera that allows continuous shooting at a speed of three frames per second. Has a powerful processor;
  • Nikon D5500. The device is one of the amateur SLR cameras. It is equipped with a wide list of blanks, of which there are about 16 for various subjects. Their list includes such as landscape, sports, child, macro, beach, twilight, snow, dawn.

System cameras and their main characteristics

System cameras for photography are cameras that have a modular design. With this design, replaceable components of the device, such as lenses, cassettes, viewfinders, and flash, are installed on the body of the device. System cameras can be either SLR or mirrorless.

Let's review the characteristics of mirrorless system devices. In the structure of viewfinders of this type of devices, a mirror is not used, since the viewfinders themselves are electronic.

The advantages of such devices include:

  • small size. A camera of this type has a compact size and low weight due to its design features;
  • equipping cameras with various configuration tools, built-in functions that expand the capabilities of these devices;
  • small screen electronic viewfinder that allows quick, easy setup.

Disadvantages of mirrorless cameras:

  • the speed of turning on and starting the device is lower than that of mirror models;
  • focusing delay;
  • devices of this type are inferior to devices of the mirror type in terms of image quality.

Some of the best examples of mirrorless system devices for photography include the following:

  • Fuji model X-T10 is a fairly budget camera that is not inferior in the quality of frames to more expensive representatives of this type of device;
  • Olympus OMDE-M10 II series. This series and model of mirrorless devices from this manufacturer has become widespread among amateur photographers due to its functionality and quality;
  • Sony A7 II series is an excellent device, which received the title of the best system camera in 2020 due to its excellent image quality, a wide range of functions, additional features;
  • Panasonic model LumixG. This device has earned user acclaim for its user-friendly interface, good image quality and OLED color viewfinder;
  • Nikon 1J series. A mirrorless camera for novice amateur photographers who are no longer satisfied with the capabilities of a conventional digital camera.

SLR and mirrorless system cameras, a review and comparison of functions of which showed that both types of cameras can create different unique images. However, the opinion of users was divided and each type of system devices has its own connoisseurs. So, SLR cameras are most often used for shooting by professional photographers, as they make it possible to create images of the highest quality. Due to the high productivity and speed of work, the mirror-type devices allow you to shoot sports events, various competitions, all kinds of celebrations. Mirrorless system devices are widely adopted by photography and outdoor enthusiasts due to their compact design. This type of camera is suitable for both beginners and advanced amateur photographers.

If you want to shoot high quality photos and videos, you will need to purchase one of two interchangeable lens systems: a DSLR or a mirrorless camera.

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

Currently, both types of cameras are about the same with each other as mirrorless cameras have made up the lion's share of innovation in the ILC market over the past few years and are indeed expanding. But manufacturers of SLR cameras do not stand still and create new technologies. We suggest you compare both types of cameras.

Size and weight

SLR camera bodies are comparatively large as they have to fit into both the mirror and the prism. For example, the Nikon D3400 body is a fairly solid 7.5cm depth before you mount the lens. With an 18-55mm lens, the camera weighs about 700 grams.

The body of a mirrorless camera can be smaller, with a simpler design. The Sony A6300 is only 4cm thick and weighs 800 grams with a 16-50mm whale lens.

Winner: mirrorless camera: The mirrorless camera is more compact, you can put more gear, such as extra lenses, in your camera bag.

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

Autofocus speed

DSLR cameras use fast and reliable phase detection autofocus, the modules of which are located under the mirror. The focusing itself occurs while the mirror is down, but in the viewfinder, it is only noted when the mirror is raised and the shutter is triggered. When using autofocus in live view, the mirror should be raised and the camera switches to less rapid contrast AF and uses the image captured by the sensor.

Among advanced mirrorless cameras, there are also those that combine contrast autofocus with phase elements on the matrix, which gives them both focusing accuracy and speed. Therefore, these cameras do an excellent job of tracking the subject.

Winner: Both Cameras Both types provide fast autofocusing.

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

Image quality

Both types of cameras can capture high quality images with similar resolutions and amounts of grain, known as noise. Camera manufacturers have learned to create more sensitive chips and better suppress noise. Additionally, several mirrorless camera manufacturers such as Sony now use the same APS-C sensors found in most DSLRs. The Sony A7 line of cameras uses an even larger full-frame touch-type that can be found in the best professional DSLRs.

Winner: Both Cameras With equivalent sensors and image processors, both types of cameras can take great pictures.

Image preview

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?
DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

All DSLR cameras, from the cheapest to the most expensive, are equipped with an optical viewfinder. This is not surprising, since the viewfinder is one of the main elements of the mirror mechanism. But some mirrorless cameras exclusively use the LCD display to build the composition of the frame, and this is not always convenient.

A number of more expensive mirrorless cameras have electronic viewfinders. They display the image directly from the matrix, and not through a mirror system.

Electronic viewfinders, of course, are evolving rapidly, and the latest ones boast incredible quality. But so far, they are not perfect, and with fast movement, there will still be a noticeable lag.

However, such viewfinders also have advantages over optical ones - they can display more information. For example, histograms.

Winner: Both Cameras

For many situations, both types of cameras provide you with very handy viewfinders.

So, if you shoot mostly in good light, both types of cameras will work well. If you often photograph in low light or other challenging conditions, a DSLR will be easier to shoot.

Video quality

Because of their built-in focus sensors, more mirrorless cameras are generally better suited for video shooting. DSLR cameras cannot use mirror image focus detection while recording video, so they have to use a slower, less accurate focusing method. This causes the image to blur in the middle of the video as the camera starts looking for the correct focus.

More and more mirrorless cameras, such as the Sony A6300 and Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II, can shoot 4K or Ultra HD, quad-resolution video. Currently, only higher quality DSLRs like the Nikon D5 shoot 4K / Ultra HD video.

Winner: mirrorless camera On most autofocus models, mirrorless cameras provide the best results for most filmmakers.

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

Battery life

DSLR cameras generally have a longer battery life as they can shoot without using an LCD screen or electronic viewfinder, both of which use a lot of power. However, both types will have similar batteries if you use LCD screens to preview and review captured images, as this consumes a lot of power. All DSLRs and mirrorless cameras come with removable batteries, so you can always have a spare battery with you.

Winner: DSLR DSLRs offer the ability to shoot without using an LCD screen or EVF, which can extend battery life.

Lenses and Accessories

Choosing a DSLR gives you access to a variety of lenses from a range of manufacturers, from cheap and satisfactory to professional and very expensive. Mirrorless models are more limited, offering access to a small number of lenses from the camera manufacturer, although the choice is growing.

For those who value lens choices and pay attention to every detail, Canon or Nikon DSLRs will probably be the best choice - at different price points, you can choose almost any option for any purpose. Plus, third-party manufacturers such as Sigma and Tamron regularly produce high-quality lenses for various types of photography.

With mirrorless cameras, the problem is solved differently - Olympus and Panasonic use the same mount, so there is no shortage of lenses, especially since they cope very well. Both Fuji and Sony are trying to expand their range, but so far they have room to strive.

Winner: SLR cameras DSLRs offer access to a wider range of lenses.

DSLR vs mirrorless: which is best for you?

Outcome

Mirrorless cameras have the advantage of being lighter, more compact, faster, and better for video; but this is due to the price and availability of fewer lenses and accessories. The advantages of a DSLR camera include a wider range of lenses and improved optical viewfinders.

For beginners, mirrorless cameras are often the best choice due to their more compact size and simpler controls. Mirrorless cameras are also more likely to have touchscreens than similar DSLRs. However, as the price progresses, the size difference between mirrorless cameras and DSLRs is not that great, although DSLRs still have a slight edge.

A source: https://www.tomsguide.com Translated specifically for openschool.biz Ksenia Solovieva

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If you are planning to buy a camera, you will inevitably be overtaken by the question “Which is better to buy: a surround SLR or a small digital one?”. For users of photographic equipment, this dilemma remains relevant to this day, no matter how many new improved models appear. To make the right choice and then not regret it, the first step is to decide on your shooting needs. They will largely determine the outcome of your decision.

Let's look at the main criteria, based on which you can make the right choice in the selection of equipment.

Camera selection criteria

Image quality. In our time of advanced gadgets, you can even take a good picture with a regular smartphone. Therefore, it is a smart decision to opt for the best quality. Good pictures can be obtained both on a digital and on a DSLR camera, if you compare representatives of the same price segment.

Equipment dimensions. The parameters and weight of the camera is a very important aspect that should be paid special attention to, because this is the main difference between a compact and a DSLR. Are you planning on carrying a camera bag with a heavy DSLR and lens, or is a camera that fits easily into your pocket is more suitable for you? For most amateur photographers, this criterion is decisive.  

Subject of shooting. With what you mainly want to photograph, it is better to decide in advance. This will help you avoid disappointment in the properties of already purchased equipment, because each camera model is created for its specific tasks. For example, for shooting in the dark, a DSLR is more suitable, since it will provide the quality of images at a level higher than digital.

Photo size. Everything is pretty simple here. If you plan to enlarge your images several times (for magazines, posters, calendars, etc.), you should definitely choose a DSLR. But if you need frames for your personal photo album, then a miniature digital camera will be enough.

Interest in the process. A DSLR camera will reveal its full range of possibilities in the hands of a master. Using only automatic mode in DSLR and digital camera shooting, you will get pictures that are almost identical to each other. Therefore, a SLR camera exists for a more “advanced” level of photography.

These criteria usually help to understand the needs and give preference to one of the two camera options. But if you still do not understand in favor of which technique to make a choice, let's take a closer look at the device of both devices.

DSLR camera: advantages and disadvantages

The DSLR camera has a built-in viewfinder based on a mirror. In stores, we can find double-lens and single-lens mirror devices. The mirror in them is at an angle of 45 degrees, which allows you to see in the viewfinder not a digitized image, but a real image. Light entering through the lens is reflected by a mirror and directed upward into the pentamirror, which correctly orientates the image so that it does not turn upside down. It turns out that a distinctive feature of SLR equipment is the presence of a viewfinder.

This camera also has an additional monochrome display, especially large devices, they have well-implemented access to all buttons, wheels and other shooting controls.

The main advantage of a DSLR is, of course, a large arsenal of features offered. With it you will be able to achieve more “complex” and high results: fireworks, sunsets, sunrises, night views - everything that looked like a large incomprehensible spot of light when shooting with a digital camera or smartphone, will acquire a silhouette, shape and natural color. You will be able to get photos with high detail, without "flare", noise and other defects. Filters, functions, light settings, compositions and other delights of DSLR cameras will become available to you. Thanks to this, you yourself can choose the color palette of your photo, saturation, brightness and other parameters, which will allow you to take exactly the picture as you imagine it.

In addition, you can expand the capabilities of your camera by purchasing various lenses. Do you want to get high quality pictures of animals? A telephoto lens will help you. Do you want to take pictures of insects and representatives of the microcosm? A micro lens will give you that opportunity. Are you more attracted to “artistic” photography with clear focus in the foreground? You definitely can't do without a fixed focal length lens.

The main reason people choose a DSLR is because of the high level of quality and clarity in images. With the same number of pixels, the DSLR will provide you with a photo quality that will be several levels higher than the quality of digital camera frames. The reason for this is better optics and matrix.

The advantages of a DSLR also include a fairly high shooting and focusing speed, a rich ISO range, sharpness quality and a long battery life. In addition, such devices have a phase housing and fairly good ergonomics.

Having dealt with the advantages of this unit, it is worth paying attention to the disadvantages, because it is better to find out about them right away, so that later you will not be disappointed in the device. First of all, you should pay attention to the price. Its minimum threshold is 20,000 rubles. For comparison, a fairly good compact camera can be purchased at half the price. Since the device for 20,000 will be the cheapest in the group of SLR photographic equipment, it certainly cannot boast of the best quality of work. To buy a mid-range camera, you will have to leave about 50,000 in the store. Owning a DSLR camera is quite an expensive pleasure, therefore, think carefully about your choice and carefully study the price features of different camera models.

The second and no less important drawback is the dimensions of the SLR camera. The most entry-level devices weigh about 500 grams, the higher class can reach a weight of 1 kilogram. Such equipment cannot be easily carried in your pocket all day, unlike a compact. This is clearly not the best option for long journeys and hikes, where every kilogram matters a lot. There is a third drawback to using a DSLR. It is not as obvious as the first two, but sometimes it presents great inconvenience to the owners of this technique. Changing lenses is not a one-second process, and it is far from always possible to carry out it. For example, you are shooting plants and insects in a forest with a close-range lens attached to the camera, and suddenly a roe deer appears in the distance, which is about to hide behind the trees again. Environmental conditions can prevent you from quickly changing lenses, and you will miss your only chance without capturing this beautiful animal. Replacing the lenses is not so easy, because you need to avoid getting dirt, dust and moisture on the matrix as much as possible.

Digital camera: advantages and disadvantages

The digital camera does not have a viewfinder. A screen is applied instead. In expensive compact cameras, we can find an electronic viewfinder, on which an already digitized image is visible.

Digital cameras can also have a lens-changing function. They are the main competitors of mirror devices. Due to the absence of a mirror viewfinder, such devices are significantly less in weight and volume. However, large lenses still give digital cameras a significant volume.

The advantages of compact cameras are the disadvantages of DSLRs. Low cost and miniature dimensions are an undoubted advantage for them. Digital devices are very easy to carry. It is convenient to take them with you on trips and excursions, they will always be at hand, and will allow you not to miss an interesting moment.

An important aspect is an objective comparison of compacts and DSLRs. It is hard to disagree that comparing a compact worth 5,000 rubles with a reflex camera for 25,000 rubles is not entirely fair. For a correct comparison, it is better to choose models from the same price segment. With such a comparison, the disadvantages of a digital apparatus will turn out to be much less. What is the reason?

Expensive models of compact cameras (and 25,000 for a digital camera is quite a decent amount) are endowed with a huge selection of all kinds of functions. Among them, of course, there are absolutely useless ones, but there are also those that significantly affect the quality of the images. In application, you will find useful functions such as:

  • Manual shooting modes. For those who want to get original footage;
  • Waterproof. An irreplaceable quality of equipment for hiking and traveling;
  • Shockproof. Keeps the device working even if you accidentally drop it from your hands.

Less important functions will be the possibility of panoramic shooting, which in practice has remained unclaimed, the compass and GPS navigator.

The main disadvantage of a digital photographic device can be considered a weak matrix. The quality of the resulting image depends on it. Many people are still convinced that a large number of pixels are needed to obtain a high-quality image. But this is a big mistake. For a regular 10x15 photo, 3.2 megapixels are enough. Once upon a time, this amount of megapixels was the most common. Now, basically, photography is done at 12-20 megapixels.

The second disadvantage of digital cameras is the weak optics built into them. Unfortunately, the laws of optics do not allow us to get super-quality images using the small lens that compact devices have. We add that the lenses on digital cameras are quite dark, which means they have a weak aperture. It also has a negative impact on the quality of the photo.

Before you go shopping, study the properties of the most common models of digital and SLR cameras, this will help you quickly navigate in the store and not fall for the tricks of the seller. When considering digital devices, you should pay attention to companies such as Olimpus, Pentax, Panasonic. The best quality digital cameras are still models from Nikon and Sony. They have successfully established themselves in the market in a highly competitive environment and are in great demand. When choosing a SLR camera, pay attention to the products of Nikon and Canon. They are a combination of high quality and user-friendly design.

So, we found out that there is no definite answer to the question “Which camera is better: SLR or digital”, because each of them has its own unique features and functions. Therefore, before making a choice in favor of one of the options presented, carefully read the pros and cons of both devices. Be extremely objective with yourself, realistically assess your needs and capabilities. Rely on the selection criteria and find out which personally suits you best: the convenience of using a miniature digital camera with simple photographs as a result, or bulky, heavy equipment, but high-quality images as a result? Decide!

Which camera is better, DSLR or digital?

Date of publication: ... Category: Articles.

Photos are the best way to preserve the memory of the most pleasant and significant moments of life. Previously, to get a beautiful photo, you had to spend a lot of time and money, but today, thanks to modern technologies, anyone can become a photographer, it remains to understand how to choose the right SLR camera in order to take high-quality pictures. To do this, you need to understand the main characteristics and options that the camera may have. Of course, it is worth considering the cost of the "DSLR", which will be several times higher than the standard "soap dish". Basically, many argue like this: “I'm not going to become a world-famous photographer, but I just want to take pictures at family events or on vacation, so why spend money on a professional unit or action camera , it is better to buy a more expensive soap dish ”. Alas, this is an erroneous reasoning, because later, looking through the photo album, you will be very surprised to see distorted faces, red eyes and incomprehensible glare and reflections there. Why can't an expensive digital camera take pictures as good as a DSLR?

Photo taken in the evening with a DSLR

A few words about SLR and digital cameras

What does a DSLR mean? This is a camera that works according to the following principle: light passing through the lens is directed to the diaphragm, which regulates the amount of light flux. After that, the light hits the mirror, from which it is reflected and redirected to the viewfinder. The viewfinder and capture lenses are one piece. In addition, such devices use a special digital matrix designed to record images.

How does a DSLR work?

To understand what a "DSLR" is, you need to figure out how a DSLR differs from a digital one. The second are very popular due to their low cost, compactness and ease of management. But, the picture enters the viewfinder of an ordinary digital camera through a separate small lens, which is most often located above the main one.

Conventional digital camera with separate optical viewfinder

SLR cameras are appreciated by more "advanced" users. Thanks to sensitive lenses, various shooting modes that are manually adjusted, professional units can take amazing pictures that are more than a regular "photo" for a social network.

Besides, SLR cameras consist of several parts: attachment optics (lenses) and "carcass". In terms of technology, DSLRs have made great strides forward and become "thinner" and more intelligent devices. The quality of the photographs will undoubtedly differ from the photographs taken with a "soap dish". There is excellent detail, shooting speed, bright colors, blur, focus and much more.

Varieties of SLR lenses

Therefore, to the question: "A DSLR or digital camera, which is better?" there is only one correct answer - it is better to buy an inexpensive "DSLR" than to spend money on an expensive "soap box", especially since a smartphone will perfectly cope with the functions of the latter.

And now a little about the characteristics that you need to pay attention to when choosing a quality SLR camera.

The matrix

The sensor of the camera is the sensor that is responsible for the image quality, so how good your pictures will be directly depends on it. Its principle of operation is the same as that of a frame on an old film unit. Passing through the lens, the light falls on the matrix, due to which the image is fixed. In fact, this element is a semiconductor wafer, which contains thousands of light-sensitive cells (pixels). Each cell captures light and converts it into an electrical charge, which, under the influence of the processor, turns into a picture.

Digital matrix

There are two parameters to consider when choosing a matrix:

  • Resolution. This indicator is responsible for the number of pixels that make up the matrix. For a high-quality picture, there should be 10-12 of them, this will be enough;
  • The size. This parameter is measured in millimeters. The larger the sensor, the better pictures you will get.

Important! A resolution of 10-12 megapixels is more than enough for a high-quality shot. All statements that there should be more of them are nothing more than a marketing ploy by manufacturers. Therefore, it is better to prefer a camera with a large sensor, but with the lowest resolution, such a camera will shoot better.

Also, when choosing a matrix, you should pay attention to its type, namely: CMOS (CMOS - complementary metal oxide conductor) or CDD (CCD - charge coupled device). Each of them has its own characteristics, but there are no striking differences between them. For example, CMOS devices are much cheaper, consume slightly less power, and run slightly faster. That is why, when deciding how to choose a semi-professional SLR camera, it is better to choose just such inexpensive models.

The next thing to pay attention to is the format of the matrix. Today there are two types: full-frame (36x24 mm) or stripped-down (crop). Reduced (cropped) models are more suitable for amateurs, that is, people who do not plan to make money with a camera. This is primarily due to the low price of such cameras, and the optics for cropped models will also be inexpensive. And the money saved can be spent on SLR tripods, lenses, and more.

Full-frame models will cost up to 200,000 rubles, due to the high quality of images, such models are mainly purchased by "seasoned" photographers involved in studio shooting.

Last, but not least, the parameter that is worth paying attention to is the sensitivity of the matrix (ISO). Like resolution, this option is very often used in advertising messages, saying that a high ISO value guarantees better light sensitivity to the camera. In fact, this is not entirely true. The thing is that a high value of light sensitivity really allows you to take a clearer picture in a dark room, but at the same time it can be reflected in the picture in the form of interference and noise. Therefore, it is not necessary to say that the light sensitivity index affects the image quality (in a good way).

Lenses

Since an SLR camera is essentially divided into two parts: "body" and "glass", there are two types of device configuration:

  • Kit. Together with the “carcass” of the camera, you get the most suitable lens for the unit, which is included in the kit. This option is more suitable for novice photographers, as it is difficult to immediately understand what kind of "glass" and how to work. It is not advisable to spend a large sum on a separate lens that you cannot use;
  • Body. Based on the translation, it can be understood that buying a camera with this configuration, you will only receive a “body” without a lens, which you will have to choose on your own based on your preferences;
  • Double Kit. The most optimal option for "beginners", since in this configuration you will receive several lenses for your camera at once.

Double Kit Package

Good to know! The opinion that for high-quality pictures it is necessary to purchase 2-3 separate expensive lenses is not true. The fact is that most people are happy to shoot with "whale glasses" and do not experience any inconvenience.

Image stabilization and autofocus

A camera stabilizer eliminates image blur that often occurs when a photographer's hands are shaking. This is a very good help for a beginner, but for a professional it will rather be a disadvantage, since in this case the sharpness of the picture will be lower.

Stabilizers are built into either the lens or the camera itself. The first option is more convenient, but more expensive. However, this is not the most important parameter when choosing a DSLR. As practice shows, image stabilization is necessary only in those situations when an object is being filmed that is far away.

Image stabilization and camera autofocus

Autofocus is a completely different story. Quite often you have to photograph moving objects (for example, a jumping cat, hair developing in the wind, etc.). Autofocus performance depends on certain algorithms used by the camera. This function is implemented in different ways. It can be a small motor that rotates the optical elements, located in the lens or directly in the "body" itself. Choosing the best location is difficult as focusing speed depends on how a particular lens will fit the camera.

Ergonomics

Weight, dimensions and arrangement of control elements are more important for specialists who are used to working quickly according to a certain algorithm. When the movements are brought to automatism every second counts, respectively, everything should be located "in its place" in the most familiar way. Therefore, this characteristic is more important for professional photographers who do not have time to get used to and retrain for a new device.

Buttons, wheels and other controls are placed on cameras in different ways, depending on the manufacturer, in fact, this is the trademark of each of them.

In custody

When buying a DSLR, give preference to models with a large matrix, even with a lower resolution. Do not pay attention to ergonomics, especially if you are wondering "DSLR camera for beginners, how to choose an inexpensive and good model?" Of course, such devices will cost much more than "soap boxes", but the money is worth spending on high-quality images, and who knows, maybe you will become a professional photographer who will start living this art.

Interchangeable-lens cameras are gaining more and more popularity in the market. What kind of animal is this, and is it worth changing your good old "DSLR" for a new technique?

The emergence of a reflex camera is a completely natural development of technology in an attempt to make life easier for photographers. If you look at cameras from the distant past, you can see both huge large format cameras and medium format dual-lens cameras. They tried to solve the sighting problem in different ways, until they were replaced by compact single-lens reflex cameras, and this was a huge breakthrough in the development of photographic technology. When creating the first digital cameras, manufacturers essentially simply replaced the film with a digital back.

SLR Cameras

In a DSLR, the viewfinder is based on a mirror that is positioned behind the lens at an angle of 45 °. You can sight - line up the boundaries of the frame while looking through the viewfinder. But the task of the mirror is not only sighting, but also focusing. Part of the light flux is reflected by the mirror onto the focusing sensors, due to which phase detection autofocus works in SLR cameras.

When shooting, the mirror rises with a characteristic slap, which can also give a slight vibration, although it usually does not affect the final shot. To eliminate the influence of vibration when the mirror is raised, many cameras have a special function - mirror pre-raising.

It is important to remember that a mirror is a mechanical element, and the higher the rate of fire of the camera, the more stress it is subjected to. Mirror breakage is one of the reasons for the failure of SLR cameras, but this happens only on high runs.

pros

The cost ... The cost of the system (camera + lenses) may be lower than the cost of a mirrorless system. Over the years of production of DSLRs, all existing technologies have recaptured development costs, which means less costs. A huge number of lenses, including those from the days of the film, also significantly reduce the price of the system.

High speed autofocus ... Phase-detection autofocus allows you to almost instantly determine the direction and amount of shift of the lens unit to focus on a given area.

Minuses

Floating lens quality ... A large number of lenses have simply migrated to digital SLRs from the film times. But the requirements for the quality of lenses for digital matrices are higher than for film. There are many nuances due to which the picture quality of such lenses may not satisfy demanding customers.

Focusing accuracy ... Phase detection autofocus cannot boast of stable and high accuracy. Any DSLR knows such concepts as front focus and back focus. Moreover, such problems can manifest themselves only on individual lenses, while the rest of the camera works fine. Some modern SLRs are able to make individual corrections for certain lenses, eliminating this disadvantage. In addition, when using ultra-fast lenses, you will inevitably encounter a high percentage of defect in focusing precisely due to the low accuracy of autofocus.

Lack of modern features ... DSLR manufacturers are reluctant to introduce new technologies and features into their products, and some options cannot be implemented at all. For example, focusing on the face or eyes is not possible when using phase detection autofocus. Yes, you can enable live view, in which case face-to-face focusing is available, but its speed is too slow for comfortable shooting.

You can also cite an example of the electronic shutter, which appeared in the latest models of SLR cameras, for example, in the Nikon D850. But its use also carries limitations and discomfort - delays in shooting and the inability to use it with flash units. While mirrorless cameras, such as the Olympus OM-D E-M10 MarkIII, do not have such disadvantages.

A limited number of focus sensors. In addition, there are also different types of focus sensors / groups of focus sensors. This means that you will not be able to select the area you need for focusing, and you will have to rebuild the frame. It takes time, sometimes precious. While you are adjusting, your subject can easily move out of the field of focus. For example, the mid-range model Canon EOS 800D is equipped with 49 focusing points with different sensitivities.

Mirrorless cameras

Mirrorless cameras, as you might guess, are digital cameras in which the mirror block has been removed. And the functions that were previously assigned to the mirror are now performed by other elements. So, for example, sighting is carried out either on the display of the camera, or using a digital viewfinder, information to which is fed directly from the matrix.

Initially, focusing in mirrorless cameras was carried out exclusively with the contrast method, which in most models is still the only possible one. It is based on the analysis of the image obtained from the matrix and the search for a contrasting image. This completely eliminates autofocus errors like back focus and front focus.

But the development of technology made it possible to integrate phase focusing sensors into the camera matrix, and we got a new type of focusing - hybrid. A similar system is used in FujiFilm X-T30 and Sony Alpha ILCE-7M3K cameras.

With hybrid focusing, phase sensors quickly orient the direction of movement of the lens unit, and the final precise aiming at the focusing area is performed using a contrast method. Thus, we get advantages from each of the methods and almost completely eliminate the disadvantages of each of them. In fairness, it should be noted that some modern DSLRs are also equipped with a hybrid focusing method.

New lenses

Almost all manufacturers of mirrorless cameras have equipped their systems with a new bayonet, along the way, reducing the focal length of the optics. On the one hand, the quality of lenses developed without regard to the film past has increased, and a decrease in the flange focal distance has made it possible to create more compact specimens. But at the same time, the entire fleet of optics is created from scratch, which means that the variety of available lenses is much lower. You can attach a lens from a mirror system to a digit through an appropriate adapter, but almost all the advantages of mirrorless systems in terms of speed and compactness are immediately lost.

For the sake of fairness, it should be noted that the manufacturers of photographic equipment, which entered the mirrorless market earlier than others, have already managed to release a lot of various lenses for every taste.

pros

Focusing ... The focus area can be any area of ​​the frame, you can also resize, merge multiple areas together, and much more. And the hybrid method also does all this quickly. All the delights of advanced focusing functions are right there - automatic face and eye detection, intelligent selection of subjects for focusing.

Modern options

In mirrorless cameras, there are more possibilities for constructing a frame with non-standard angles. In DSLRs, you are tied to the viewfinder, and making a shot from the ground or from an overhead angle, although possible, is difficult. In this regard, mirrorless cameras with folding screens give much more freedom of action. And if we add here comfortable shooting with control via Wi-Fi, then even in the usual shooting scenarios, you can take new and interesting shots. Examples of such cameras: Panasonic Lumix DMC-G80, FujiFilm X-T30. Yes, and among DSLRs there are cameras with flip screens, but focusing in LiveView mode in this case will be uncomfortable.

If time-lapse shooting is not unusual and was also available on DSLRs, then functions like LiveComposite in Olympus cameras are exclusive. It is indispensable when shooting freezelight, star tracks and much more. It is also worth noting shooting in high resolution, which significantly increases the detail of the frame. It is based on shooting several frames with a sensor shift and then stitching into one frame. A similar option appeared, for example, in the Olympus OM-D E-M5 MarkII and Sony Alpha a7R IV.

Focus bracketing (automatically shifting the focus point) and focus stacking (automatically stitching the resulting frame from multiple frames after focus bracketing) greatly facilitate subject shooting and macro photography.

Dimensions (edit)

Mirrorless cameras are much lighter and more compact than their opponents. In terms of lenses, of course, not everything is so simple, but even here the comparison will be in favor of mirrorless systems.

Minuses

The cost ... If we consider the cost of new lenses, then there is an approximate parity, but the quality of comparable lenses is higher for mirrorless cameras. But, as we already said, lenses for DSLRs have been produced for a long time, there is a large market for used equipment, and a mirror system can cost much less than a digital one.

Autofocus speed in difficult conditions the cameras of the first generations leave much to be desired. Often they are problematic to shoot fast moving objects. But the development of technology and the increase in the performance of camera processors have brought this disadvantage to almost nothing, and the current models of mirrorless cameras have a high autofocus speed.

findings

Mirrorless cameras are replacing amateur DSLRs and have already conquered a significant portion of the market. In the professional segment, not everything is so simple - here the positions of DSLRs are strong, and opponents are just starting to release a figure aimed at professionals: Olympus E-M1x, Sony Alpha A9, Fujifilm X-H1.

What to choose is up to you. On the side of DSLRs, there will be a huge staff of lenses, which on average allows you to save on the purchase of the entire system. But mirrorless cameras are capable of delivering high image quality and advanced software features that greatly simplify the shooting process and reduce the time to get the perfect shot. Also, do not forget about the dimensions and weight of the cameras. And in this case, less is not always better - come to the store and hold the camera in your hands, check whether it is convenient for you to press buttons and change settings. For example, those with large brushes may find small digital cameras inconvenient.

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