In this article:
- The basic principle of watch winding
- How to wind the watch correctly
- Expert advice on how to wind up your watch to keep it running
- The subtleties of setting a mechanical watch
- Automatic watch factory
- Mechanical watch care
In order to display the exact time on the dial, it is important to know how to wind the watch. A mechanical watch, if properly cared for, will never fail the punctual owner.
You will learn the number of turns of the crown, the regularity of the winding and some subtleties of handling the watch movement from our article. Follow simple tips and you can always answer the question "What time is it?"
The basic principle of watch winding
The procedure for winding up a watch is not as simple as it might seem. It should optimize the performance of the barrel, the most important chronometer movement, as much as possible. Some people mistakenly believe that it is enough to turn the wheel a little, and the watch will work with maximum accuracy. The barrel is a rather complex unit that affects not only the accuracy of the movement, but also the durability of the chronometer.
Initially, there was only one way to wind the watch - with a special key. Today, with the proliferation of wrist chronometers, the function of this device is performed by the crown. On the first pocket watches, it was usually placed on top; on modern models, this element is usually located on the side horizontally or at an angle.
The winding mechanism of modern spring watches is based on the principle of counterweight. In its simplest form, this was realized in ancient times. The wheel clock used then had a horizontal shaft on which a rope was wound with a weight tied at the end. The latter, under the action of gravity, pulled the rope down and thereby unwound the shaft, which in turn set in motion a stick attached to it perpendicularly, which played the role of an hour hand.
Modern watch movements are composed of many interacting parts, which are actuated by a spiral spring. In the wound state, it is twisted as much as possible, after which it begins to unwind gradually, acting on the toothed drum. That, in turn, transmits movement to the rest of the mechanism through a system of gears and teeth.
How to wind the watch correctly
It is extremely important to remove the wristwatch from the wrist beforehand. This is due to the location of the winding shaft, which runs from the crown to the toothed drum. In most cases, this element is located at the 10 o'clock position and permeates virtually the entire movement.
Without removing the watch during the winding process, you will gradually loosen the winding shaft, which will adversely affect the operation of the chronometer. At some point, the shaft will come out of the grooves that hold it or break completely.
Finally, by rotating the crown on the watch you are wearing, you involuntarily produce vertical movements that can easily break the threads. Therefore, before winding a mechanical watch, it is necessary to remove it from your hand and make sure that the crown is in the winding mode.
Modern wrist chronometers have not only 2 main winding modes, but also additionally allow you to adjust various parameters of the built-in calendar.
The winding is carried out by rotating the crown clockwise. In some cases, it is recommended to smoothly make an incomplete turn in the opposite direction to evenly distribute the lubricant in the mechanism, preventing its failure.
The rotation itself should also be smooth and not too fast. In the process, you should feel the tension of the spring. You should stop when the head rotates with difficulty or the rotation is accompanied by light clicks. The spring in this case is completely twisted. As a rule, this requires no more than 20 revolutions.
In the process of rotation of the head, the mainspring is wound on the axis of the barrel. In order for the spring to wind up as smoothly as possible, the head should be rotated smoothly. The smoothness of the winding will ensure uniform traction, and hence the exact course of the watch. It is this uniformity and constant force that gives the work of any chronometer the necessary precision.
Expert advice on how to wind up your watch to keep it running
In modern models of chronometers there is protection against "re-winding", in which case the spring can come off. Despite this, it is still recommended not to wind the watch to the limit and not to expose the mechanism to the risk of failure.
The mainspring experiences a periodic stress state with large drops, which affects the accuracy of the chronometer. In this case, the amplitude of the balance wheel oscillations varies from 110 to 330 degrees. A watch with a built-in mainspring dynamometer and a power reserve indicator is much more expensive than a conventional timing accessory.
Many chronometers can operate in one plant for up to two days. However, it is recommended that you wind the watch every day at about the same time in order to use it fully or almost fully wound. This ensures that the movement is as precise as possible. Within a day, the clock can also be set if a slight discrepancy in the current time is noticed.
How often should the watch be wound if it is rarely used or not used at all? It is recommended to perform this procedure at least once a month, so as not to allow the lubricant composition inside the mechanism to freeze. An analogy can be drawn here with an internal combustion engine: for a car to function longer, it needs to be used more often. It's the same with the watch.
The subtleties of setting a mechanical watch
In addition to the actual winding of the watch, the crown has some other functions depending on its position. In standard mode, she simply winds up the watch. If the chronometer has a highly sealed case (for example, for deep-sea diving), to wind the mechanism or other manipulations, you must first unscrew the crown, because it may have a threaded connection.
The exact time is set after the crown is fully extended, which can also be pulled out halfway if the watch is equipped with a calendar. In this intermediate position, the date is set.
If the watch removed from the hand can only be placed on its side, it is not recommended to do this on the side where the crown is located, as the mechanism may be damaged. As a last resort, place the accessory with the dial facing down if possible. But it is important that the surface is smooth and soft, and the glass is protected by a protruding bezel.
Turning the hour hand to adjust the date on a mechanical watch with a built-in calendar is only allowed in the direction of this hand. Scrolling back more than one revolution (12-hour interval) can damage the calendar mechanism.
It is possible to set the date without turning the hour hand on some watch models. In such cases, the crown has an intermediate middle position when extended. It is advisable to change the date when both hands are at the 6 o'clock position. With this configuration, the mechanism is most protected from damage. The closer the hands are to 12 o'clock (that is, to the position when the day changes), the higher the risk of failure.
Correcting the date for several days at once is possible either by scrolling the hour hand by the corresponding number of revolutions forward, or by using additional functionality. The latter should be found in the instructions for the watch.
For example, some models have built-in the ability to change the date one day ahead by scrolling back the hour hand from position 12 to position 8 and then returning to its original position. A click that occurs upon completion of the operation will signal a change in the calendar day. In other cases, the date changes when the hand passes from the 10 o'clock position to the 2 o'clock position and back.
This option is also possible. Set the date on the calendar, the previous one from the required one, and then use the hour hand to tighten to the desired date.
Automatic watch factory
Such an expensive accessory needs to be used every day, and not just stored as a decoration. Otherwise, the device will quickly become unusable. Restoring the functionality of such a watch will be problematic.
How many times should a self-winding watch be wound? And what is the right way to do it? It all depends on the owner of this accessory:
If a person is quite energetic, actively gesticulates when communicating, and has a habit of waving his arms when walking, you can forget about periodically winding a wristwatch. Chronometers of this type are equipped with an inertial rotor, which is triggered by hand movement.
Sedentary owners, on the contrary, should periodically move their hand with the watch or use a special device purchased in advance that keeps the watch in working order.
For people leading an active lifestyle, including athletes, it is advisable to remove the accessory from their hands during training and during the greatest activity. A heavy load on the watch can damage it.
This question is often encountered: can the chronometer be wound manually if it is equipped with an automatic winding function? The answer will be given by the watch design itself. They have a crown, therefore, manual winding is possible and sometimes necessary.
In order to wind up a self-winding wristwatch without damaging its mechanism, a series of steps must be taken.
First of all, you need to remove the chronometer from your hand. In this case, the risk of damage to the crown will be minimal. Next, check the correct position of the crown - it should be tightly fixed or screwed in until it stops, if the watch is waterproof.
Then you need to turn the crown clockwise until the slightest resistance is felt. How long is the watch usually wound so that the spring is not damaged and at the same time that the winding is complete? As a rule, 25-35 turns of the crown are enough for this.
Rotation must be done exclusively clockwise. In self-winding models, this is the only valid option. If the time is set ahead of time, under no circumstances turn the hands in the opposite direction! Reverse rotation of the crown during the winding process is one of the most common causes of watch breakage.
Mechanical watch care
Why can the clock stop? In addition to the actual exhaustion of the plant, most often the reason is trivial - the accessory is clogged. The movement is not completely sealed, and over time, small parts of it become covered with dust, which interferes with the accurate movement of the watch. For this reason, the device needs to be cleaned every 2-3 years. The easiest way is to take the watch to a repair shop, but cleaning can be done on your own.
In addition, the operation of the watch is inevitably affected by gravity. It is generally accepted that normally hour hands slow down by 20-30 seconds every day. To minimize this error, there is a special unit called a tourbillon. As a rule, they are equipped with elite chronometer models.
Tourbillon watches were at one time considered truly the pinnacle of watchmaking. They were even compared to fine jewelry, because the small mechanism built into the chronometer was fighting against the most powerful force on Earth - gravity. But even with the use of a tourbillon, it was not possible to completely defeat gravity. The most accurate products gave a daily error of up to 5 seconds.
And finally, an important remark. Do not, under any circumstances, bring a mechanical watch close to a magnet! Interacting with it, they will finally fail and become unrepairable.
Recently, it has become very popular among buyers self-winding mechanical wristwatch ... Many of them have a question about which manufacturers make the highest quality watches and how to carry out the correct winding.
Self-winding wristwatches are becoming more and more fashionable. They are confidently becoming the leaders in the watch industry, replacing conventional mechanical models without this function. All major watch manufacturers are making the transition from classic versions to self-winding models. To understand why self-winding watches are trending, you should consider how they stand out from conventional mechanical watches.
Perhaps one of the main advantages of these models is their ease of use. In the case of traditional mechanical watches, there are often times when the owner simply forgets to start. As a result, a person who is incorrectly oriented in time may be late for an important business meeting. This will never happen if the clockwork can wind itself up!
The main function of the winding is performed by a special pendulum, which produces oscillatory movements while wearing the watch on the wrist. For high-quality models of self-winding watches, the error in time readings is no more than 1-2 seconds per day. This is a very high rate! It must be taken into account when choosing for yourself (or as a gift) these ultra-modern models.
It turns out that self-winding watch served for a long time and faithfully, you need to pay due attention to the winding procedure. It should be understood that the winding movement can become the main problem, being the most unreliable part of the watch. In order for the watch to last as long as possible, proper winding is required. This approach will reliably protect the watch mechanism from mechanical damage and breakdowns. Cases when the owner himself becomes the culprit of an imbalance in the operation of internal elements, too zealously performing the winding procedure, are quite frequent.
The most common mistake when winding a watch is performing this procedure without removing it from your hand. In order for the watch to last as long as possible, it should only be wound in a calm state. In this case, the pressure exerted on the crown is evenly distributed, which is very important. Since this detail is the most vulnerable point in the watch mechanism.
To wind up the watch correctly, remove it from your wrist, then rotate clockwise with the winding element. Movements should be gentle and gentle. The mechanism will be considered wound when the scroll of the crown rests against the stop. Remember - do not put more effort during winding than is required according to the instructions, since strong pressing or excessive load will cause the internal elements to fail.
Self-winding watches are arranged in such a way that the internal mechanism turns them on, eliminating the need for the owner to perform this operation daily. The energy so necessary for a watch arises from the operation of a special pendulum that swings when the watch is worn on the wrist. If you wear your watch every day, you do not need to wind it at all. With a long break between wearing watches, they require mandatory winding. This procedure is performed using a crown.
- do not forget about the correct execution of the watch winding procedure, namely, the smooth scrolling of the wheel connected to the crown;
- do not perform the winding operation at high air humidity, as this may cause moisture to enter the mechanism;
- do not forget to protect your watch from dust, because its ingress can lead to the formation of scratches on the glass, metal parts and even impair the accuracy of the readings.
First, let's define the terms:
* Transfer head - a head used to transfer time and calendar in hours.
* Crown - the crown used to wind the watch.
* Head or crown - whoever is more comfortable and more like it.
We translate the calendar.
It is very important to remember that the calendar in the watch cannot be translated at certain hours of the time, when the automatic date / day of the week translation is started in the mechanism. The exact period of time in which you should not touch the calendar is indicated in the instruction manual of the watch. Usually this time is from 10 pm to 3 am.
How to wind up a manually wound watch correctly?
There are different types of hand-wound mechanisms. The most common mechanisms in which the spring can be wound up to the stop, usually 20-30 turns. It is even better to adapt to the watch so as not to wind up to the very stop, leaving a couple of turns in stock, so as not to accidentally break the spring.
Note that there are Swiss movements (among elite watches) that have no stop at all. That is, the spring is protected by an accessory.
It is better to wind up a manual-winding watch at the same time. Some mechanisms require a daily plant, some once every 3-4 days, here you need to look specifically at the instructions for the watch.
How to wind up a self-winding watch correctly?
Self-winding watches should not be wound at all. If you wear them for at least 8 hours a day, they will not stop. It often happens that self-winding problems arise for owners with a sedentary lifestyle, for example, when working in an office. We recommend them to use boxes for automatic watch winding. If the watch does stop, it indicates that it is time for them to do preventive maintenance. To start a self-winding watch, it is enough to make a few shaking movements to start the self-winding rotor (but not too sharp), and the watch can be worn on the wrist. There are mechanisms that allow manual winding (literally, 2-3 rotations), and there are mechanisms that do not like it and break. Therefore, we do not recommend winding the self-winding watch manually, unless otherwise specified in the instructions.
Why do the transfer heads break?
A lot of cases come with broken screw-down transfer heads. These breakdowns are usually caused by excessive mechanical stress - the thread of the transfer head or on the sleeve (footer) of the watch case is torn off. You need to screw the head very carefully, trying to feel the thread. Do not rotate the crown when the watch is on your wrist. The crown should only be operated while holding the watch. The screwed head protects the case very well from moisture penetration into the case, but requires special care during operation. Also make sure that it is always tightly screwed down, and try to use it less, only when necessary.
Often they contact a service center with a watch without a head at all. "I started winding the watch, the crown remained in my hands." This also applies to screw sockets and conventional plug-in sockets. The fact is that the transfer head is coupled to the mechanism by a rather thin transfer shaft, which can be easily broken if excessively applied. It also happens that water gets into the watch case through an open transfer crown, and first of all, corrosion eats away at the transfer shaft on which the crown is held, which is why a breakdown occurs.
It should be noted that the breakage of the transfer head is not a warranty case. In our service center You will be helped to eliminate this defect. Even if there is no original conversion head, we will try to make it or restore the existing one.
More articles on the correct use of the watch.Back to section
HOW TO WIND A MECHANICAL AUTOMATIC WATCH?
First launch of a self-winding mechanical watch.
1.Remove the watch from your hand. 2.For proper winding, you must first unscrew the crown that protects the self-winding watch from water drops. Gently rotate it clockwise the required number of times until it stops. Turning the crown can be difficult - this is a normal phenomenon in mechanical watches, referred to as an “ergonomic defect.” If you have unscrewed the crown, be sure to return it to the correct position by screwing it tightly onto the self-winding watch.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MAINTENANCE AND START-UP OF MECHANICAL AUTOMATIC WATCHES:
- The optimal number of hours per day that a self-winding watch must be on the wrist in order to work correctly is 12.
- Signals indicating the need to wind the watch are lag or complete stop.
- Always remove the mechanical chronometer from your hand when winding up. This rule will help protect the watch from premature failure.
- Do not push the crown down to the stop. The parts of a mechanical chronometer are fragile enough that they can completely destroy it and your self-winding accessory will stop working.
- Never reverse movement of the crown (counterclockwise) - this can damage the fragile movement of the self-winding watch.
- Do not wind the watch in high humidity or in the case of a high content of dust in the air - working with the mechanism opens access to it, and the ingress of dust or water particles into the watch is fraught with the fact that the mechanical will cease to function clearly.
- It is not recommended to wind up a self-winding mechanical watch that you are not going to wear at this time. It is worth deciding whether you really need to keep the mechanical running for an extended period if you do not use them. In this case, it is best to leave the watch at rest until the next time you wear it.
- If the self-winding watch is on you in a static position for a long time, then at the first opportunity move your hand with the watch - this instantly activates the mechanism. And the self-winding watch will start its course.
- Do not wear the self-winding chronometer when unnaturally frequent and vigorous hand movements are required from you (for example, playing sports) - the mechanism is not designed for this.
- Do not store the watch near objects that create a magnetic field around them. They can affect the operation of the self-winding chronometer, for example by making them run faster.
- Although many self-winding watches have a certain level of water resistance (which is primarily designed to handle occasional drops of water), a higher level of water resistance is required to swim underwater.
How to wind the watch correctly, who needs to do it and what else is the crown capable of? Any owner of a mechanical watch has probably asked these questions at least once. Answering them, let's take a short excursion into history to find out: how was the clock wound before?
The standard position of the crown of a mechanical watch is at 3 o'clock, that is, in the extreme right position when looking directly at the dial. Models “for 4 o'clock” are less common, but they also do not cause surprise, rather they give an additional touch to the style of the product. By the way, such an arrangement of the head can cause discomfort when worn by the right-handed on the left hand. In particular, V.V.Putin complained about this, who therefore wears the watch on his right hand, although he is right-handed. Add some info: for left-handers there is a watch with ZG "at 9 o'clock".
Crown "at 3 o'clock"
But before, the crown was not always in its usual place. In pocket watches, it was located at the highest point, and in wrist watches it was completely absent: its function was performed by the winding key on the side of the case. Taking this into account, the current position of the head is optimal from the point of view of the convenience of the plant.
Watch winding principle
In mechanical watches, the hands move thanks to the energy of a tightened coil spring. Over time, it opens, so it needs to be screwed up, which happens as a result of the circular movement of the crown. Spinning up, the spring again sets the clockwork in motion by means of a system of teeth and gears. Accordingly, if the spring completely loses energy, then the clock stops.
The mere fact of stopping a mechanical watch is not critical. Yes, with constant shutdown factories, the resource of some parts is reduced. However, when applied to modern mechanisms, the only inconvenience is to periodically set the correct time and wind up the watch. To mitigate this inconvenience, engineers have introduced a self-winding function - when the spring is twisted with a simple shake of the watch. But there are classic models without self-winding that need to be wound manually. How often should this be done and how to avoid mistakes?
Mechanical watch NIKA
with skeletonized dial
How to wind the watch correctly
Only mechanical watches need winding. The quartz watch is battery operated, there is no need to wind it up, and the crown is purely decorative.
Quartz watches do not need a factory
Mechanical watches must be brought in by moving the crown clockwise. The movements should be smooth, without sharp scrolling, as in this case, the winding mechanism can be damaged. It is necessary to "tighten" the spring until the movement feels tight: this means that the spring is fully charged. Usually, this requires no more than 15-20 turns.
Moreover, if the head always rotates tightly, even at the beginning of the plant, this may indicate a malfunction of the mechanism or problems with lubrication. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist.
Setting the date and time using the crown
Crowns in mechanical and quartz watches function differently. If in quartz movement of the crown to the extreme right position means disconnection with the battery (that is, the clock stops), then in mechanics the same position is intended for setting the date. At the same time, rotating the crown backward (counterclockwise) may damage the calendar mechanism, if there is one in the watch.
Mechanical watch with calendar function
It is better to set the date around 6 o'clock, when the mechanism is in maximum safety. If the time is approaching 12 o'clock, when the mechanism will soon change the number itself, it is better to refrain from adjusting, since there is a great risk of breakdown of the mechanism.
Finally, a top tip concerns the winding frequency. Some models can live on a charged spring for 48 hours, that is, two days. However, it is desirable that the spring is in a state close to the charged one. To achieve this, there is one simple tip. Wind up your mechanical watch at about the same time every day - then it will serve you for many years without failures or breakdowns!
The mainspring is the only source of energy that drives the movement. Any mechanical watch, regardless of type, is capable of working only when the mainspring is wound. The power reserve of hand-wound movements is usually 40 to 48 hours. The owner of such a watch must regularly wind it up by turning the crown. Many people are attracted by the kind of "magic" of communicating with mechanics, although battery-powered quartz watches are undoubtedly more punctual and practical.
Winding a mechanical watch is easy, but certain rules must be followed.
How to wind a manual watch First of all, never wind up the watch while wearing it on your wrist. Always take them off
and hold in one hand and turn the head with the other.
The fact is that when winding the watch while it is on, you unwittingly pull the crown up, creating unwanted pressure on the winding shaft - a rather vulnerable part that is easy to bend. Make sure that head located in zero position
(pressed against the body).
- Watches designed for diving are often fitted with a screw-down crown. To wind the spring, you first have to unscrew the crown, and after the winding, return it to its previous position.
- Take the head with your thumb and forefinger and gently, without any extra effort, rotate it in the clockwise direction, that is, away from you.
When the head starts to scroll tighter, slow down until it clicks or reaches the stop torque. Don't be afraid to rewind the spring. A breakdown of the mainspring during the winding process means that it was already in poor condition and needed to be replaced.
The watch should be wound at the same time every day. This will keep the spring in a full or close to full winding state, which contributes to the maximum precision of the movement.
If the crown is too small and it is inconvenient to turn it, then it is advisable to purchase a special device for winding.
How to wind an automatic watch Thanks to the self-winding system, the automatic movements wind up independently while wearing the watch. It is not recommended to wind the “automatic machine” manually, as it will most likely lead to premature wear of the mechanism. An exception is cases when the watch has not been worn for a long time and must be started. Usually advise turn the crown 10-15 turns
, then set the time and calendar (if available) and put the watch on your wrist.
However, not all automatic calibers are hand-wound. Many models of the budget segment are launched only with automatic winding, for which they need to be shaken in the hands for 30 seconds. As an alternative to frequent launches of the "machine" when worn irregularly, you can consider buying Windera
- a special case that combines an automatic winding mechanism and a box for storing watches.
How to wind up your watch according to the rules
- Which watch needs a factory
- The principle of the mechanical plant
- How to wind a self-winding watch
- Setting the date and day of the week
How often should the watch be wound
Have you ever wondered how to wind your watch properly? This procedure may seem like a simple task. But business must be approached responsibly, if you want the device to function correctly, to enjoy the long life of an accessory. The KronosTime team proposes to focus on important concepts in order to know how to properly wind a mechanical watch.
Only mechanical watches need to be wound. Such models do not have an electronic power source, parts and gears begin to move only when they receive an impulse from a tightly twisted spring. The spiral unwinds smoothly, gradually losing energy. When the impulse is completely at zero, the clock stops.
Which watch needs a factory
The owner carries out the winding procedure by turning the crown. Its standard location is at the 3 o'clock position. There are options "at 4 o'clock" or on the left side, this design brings originality to the look of the accessory. Pocket watches have a crown at the top.
- Manual winding models:
- rotate the crown until you feel resistance, this should be done in a clockwise direction;
- sometimes rotate slightly counterclockwise half a turn to achieve even distribution of the lubricant;
- do not overcome the resistance of the spring, otherwise you can damage the mechanism - on average, 20 turns are enough;
The principle of the mechanical plant
it is recommended to wind up the watch by removing it from the wrist so that the crown rotation has a smooth course.
- You should not be bothered by the question of how to wind up a mechanical self-winding watch while constantly wearing the model on the hand, because the mechanism is set in motion due to the movements of the wearer's hand. But if you have removed the product and it has been out of your wrist for a long time, follow the instructions:
- if the caliber has stopped, wind it in by turning the crown by hand (about 20 revolutions);
- never shake the watch to make it run;
to wind the movement quickly and completely, you need 40 to 80 turns of the crown (depending on the caliber).
How to wind a self-winding watch
Remember that it is not recommended to wear an automatic watch that has stopped and has not been wound by a few turns of the crown. The maximum energy reserve will not be reached, the accuracy of the model will be reduced at first.
A useful complication of spring-loaded accessories is the calendar. Moving the crown to the extreme right position is used to set the date. Please remember that you cannot set the date between 22:00 and 02:00.
Setting the date and day of the week
It is necessary to pull out the crown to the exact position and turn it clockwise to set the date indication, and counterclockwise to set the day of the week. During the entire procedure, the model continues to move, so no additional time correction is required.
Even if the movement operates up to 80 hours (like the ETA Powermatic 80 movement) at the same spring winding, we recommend using the accessory in a fully or close to full winding condition. It is recommended to carry out the plant once a day, at the same time every day.
If you rarely wear a wrist accessory, then you should start it at least once a month so that the lubricant is in optimal condition and does not stagnate.
The above actions will help maintain the proper operation of the watch and extend its operational life. By following the rules, the device will always show the exact time, will not lag behind or rush.
Swiss mechanical wrist watch Armand Nicolet JS9 Date A480AGU-BU-MA4480AA
Which watch should you wind?
You only need to wind up a mechanical watch manually, since in the absence of any other power sources, their parts move only when a tightly twisted spring gives them an impulse. It gradually spins up, the momentum weakens and eventually the clock stops. The mechanism does not work - the arrows are stationary.
Previously, the watch was wound with a special key, today its function is performed by the crown, which in most models neatly sticks out from the side of the watch case. On pocket watches, it was most often located on top, and today, in addition to these two positions, there is also an oblique arrangement.
Why does a watch need a factory?
The winding of a modern spring-loaded watch mechanism works on the counterweight principle. Its simplest embodiment is a wheel clock existing in antiquity. In them, a rope was wound on a horizontal shaft, to the end of which a weight was tied. Under the action of gravity, the weight rushed downward, pulled the rope, and the rope accordingly set the shaft in motion. In turn, the shaft, rotating, made the stick attached to it at an angle of 90 degrees move - it played the role of an arrow.
In modern watches, dozens of interconnected movement parts are driven by a spiral spring. In the state of maximum winding, it is tightly twisted, and when it unwinds, it acts on the toothed drum. Through a system of teeth and gears, he drives the entire mechanism. quartz and electronic watches, powered by a battery or other type of electrical charging, with elements for converting and storing energy of sunlight, in a manual winding .
How to wind up the watch correctly?
Turn the crown clockwise, that is, in the direction of its movement or forward. It is recommended sometimes to make a slight counterclockwise rotation backward, but not abruptly or completely. This will help distribute the lubricant more evenly, while preventing breakage.
It is necessary to rotate the crown evenly, not too quickly, feeling the degree of tension of the spring with your fingers. As soon as the head starts to go tight or light clicks are heard, you have completely wound the spring. This requires an average of no more than 20 revolutions.
Signs that the watch needs to be shown to the master:
• the crown has become too tight to rotate. Perhaps the grease has thickened and needs to be renewed;
• the crown rotates too easily, and the hands have a backlash unusual for them before, they seem to "jump". This may mean that the arrow mount is loose.
Swiss mechanical wrist watch TAG Heuer Carrera CAR2012.FC6235 with chronograph
Functions of the crown
The crown has several functions, which are realized in different positions. In the standard position, it serves to wind the movement. In watches intended for diving or simply with a high degree of tightness of the case, it can be threaded and in order to wind the spring or use other functions, the crown must first be unscrewed.
To operate the hands to set the exact time or if the watch has stopped, the crown is pulled out. In a watch with a calendar, it also has a third, most often intermediate or middle position, when the crown is pulled out, as it were, halfway.
Setting up the calendar
If you have a calendar and need to adjust the time, the hour hand can only be moved forward. If you scroll it back and make more than one revolution (more than 12 hours), this can lead to breakdown of the calendar mechanism.
The ability to change the date without rotating the hour hand is not available on all models. Where it is, there is a separate crown position for this. It is best to change the date when the hour and minute hands are at 6 o'clock, then the mechanism is safe. If the position of the hands is close to the natural change of day, that is, by 12 o'clock, manually changing the date can also lead to breakdown.
avoid placing the watch on the crown, this is not very good for the movement. If, due to the characteristics of the strap or bracelet, it is inconvenient to put the watch face up, it is better to put it “on the other side” or even on the glass (glass down). To do this, of course, is on a flat or soft surface and it is good if the glass is protected by the protruding bezel.
You can also set the date when there is a lag of several days, either by sequentially scrolling the hour hand for several days, or by using the features of the mechanism. In this case, you must strictly follow the instructions.
In some models, you can jump to the next day by turning the hour hand at the position from 12 o'clock back to 8 o'clock and again until 12, when the click of the date change is heard. Another option is the forward and backward movement of the hands between 10 and 2 o'clock.
Swiss mechanical titanium wrist watch TAG Heuer Carrera CV2A84.FC6394 with chronograph
Do I need to wind a self-winding watch?
The masters tried to save the owner from the necessity of manual winding back in the 18th century, and already in 1931 Rolex released the first model of a wrist watch with an automatic winding.
The principle of operation of such a mechanism is described in detail in the material of the AllTime.ru blog about the advantages and disadvantages of automatic winding. It is important that such a watch, being on the wrist (or in a special rotating device, winder), “runs” always, so there is no need to wind it manually. Unless, if you do not wear your watch every day, it can still stop, then you just need to bring it up and put it on again. The automatic winding will start immediately.
Swiss mechanical wrist watch AVIATOR Airacobra P45 Chrono Auto V.126.96.36.199.4 with chronograph
How often should this be done?
Even if your watch model runs up to 48 hours at the same spring winding, it is recommended to operate the watch in a state of full or close to full winding for greater accuracy of the movement. Therefore, the most common advice is to wind the watch at the same time every day. Along the way, they can be summed up in case you notice a slight deviation of the current time.