Beginners, as a rule, do not bother with preparing feed and, as a rule, buy ready-made food. But many simply do not know how to do it and what should be included in the composition. Due to ignorance, they are afraid to make mistakes in cooking. Of course, commercial food saves time and energy spent on cooking, but not money.
Purchased quail compositions are produced in special factories. The diet of such a bird is based on crushed wheat and corn. It is this grain that is often 50% of the total feed. The rest of the composition is filled with various grain additives and other mixtures, taking into account the age of the bird. Since for each period of the life of quails, a different recipe and proportions are used.
Types of feed
Industrial food is divided into a couple of types:
1.For young animals; 2.For mature birds.
They contain almost the same ingredients, which means that the differences are insignificant, but they are still there and you should know what their features are.
There are different types of feed for young animals:
1.PC-1. This composition can be considered the main one for all birds at a young age. It is based on shredded wheat and corn. In addition, there is also a cut, barley in the base. In between, bone meal is an important ingredient. In such a feed, it is about 40%. It is thanks to bone meal that quails grow rapidly and gain the required mass. This feed contains only salt as a mineral. 2.PC-2-1. This type is similar to the previous one. It is based on the same grain. But to increase the productivity of birds, fish meal, fish oil and sunflower oil are used. Lime is added to the mineral part. 3.PC-5. The feed base is the same. Proteins in the composition of about 35%. The rest is an extended list of minerals. Basically, this type of food is used for fattening young stock and the productivity of females.
At the beginning of their life, chicks can eat any type of food, but breeders will need to soak it beforehand. Further, mature individuals can be given the following types:
1.PC-2-2. The recipe for this composition is similar to PC-2-1, but the calculation of proteins and grains is used for monthly birds. 2.PC-4. It is based on barley, corn and wheat. In addition, bran and flour are included. Salt, shells and lime are used as minerals. 3.PC-6. Suitable for strong and adult quails.
Different nutrition at different stages of life
At different stages of life, quails should be given different supplements, nutrition and proportions. Therefore, you should use the following recommendations:
1.For young animals up to 5 weeks old, nutrition should be balanced. During this period, the body of birds needs a lot of energy, which will ensure development and growth. The compound feed for this age includes products such as wheat, about half of the total number of ingredients. Corn grain and fish meal about 10%, soybean meal about 15%, as well as 1% fish oil. The rest of the composition includes vitamins and minerals. 2.Age from 5 to 6 weeks. Such nutrition includes 35% of wheat and corn grains, and 10% of their sunflower meal is also used. Wheat bran is useful for this age, the composition includes 7%, fish flour 5%, as well as sunflower oil and fish fat, vitamins and minerals are necessarily used. The brand of a similar feed is DK-51. 4. From 7 weeks or more. For this age, a different recipe is provided, but you can buy a brand of food DK-52. It includes wheat grain - 25%, corn - 20%, soybean meal - 15%, sunflower bran and meal - 10%, fish meal - 5%, the rest is fish oil, vitamins, minerals. 4.For fattening birds from 7 weeks of age. A similar feed is used for meat products. Its brand is DK-52-3.
In general, quails are picky birds, and therefore they will willingly peck grain. But breeders should not be given everything. You should consider your diet. To do this, you can use do-it-yourself quail feed, especially since the recipe is quite simple.
Feed recipe for juveniles:
1. You should use a kilogram of wheat and 0.4 kg of corn, as well as 0.1 kg of barley. All grain is mixed and crushed. It is better to clean it before crushing and remove the debris. 2.Add 5 grams of sunflower oil to the crushed composition and also pour in flour from the bones. 3. After that, add 2 grams of salt to the composition and mix everything.
This amount of food should be enough for one young individual for 40 days. To feed a larger number of individuals with such a composition, simple mathematical calculations should be made.
Recipe for an adult:
1. You will need to mix 0.7 kg of corn and 0.4 kg of wheat, and add 0.1 kg of peas. All this is crushed and mixed. 2.In the dry composition, you can now add 5 grams of sunflower oil and 15 grams of salt, chalk and crushed shell.
Such food will increase the mass gain. The recipe is designed for feeding for 40 days, per individual.
Purchased feed has all the vitamins and minerals a bird needs. Naturally, it is almost impossible to achieve an exact ratio at home. But for vitamins, you can use dressings that are easy to prepare. For this, you can use different waste from vegetables and fruits. Such supplements are not only beneficial for birds, but also beneficial for farmers.
For example, you can use the peel from carrots or beets, you should also give the remains of fruits, cabbage leaves and various greens. Everything that is there needs to be immersed in a saucepan and left to simmer on the stove for about 40 minutes. Then mash everything in mashed potatoes and serve the bird. Heat treatment is needed to kill bacteria. In addition, a little feed can be poured into such a mash.
Recipes and composition of compound feed for quail prepared with your own hands cheap, fast nutritious
In this article, we will consider such an important issue - how to prepare compound feed for quails at home, as well as determine what its composition should be and describe in detail how to prepare it yourself according to the best recipe.
All quail breeders are aware of the problem concerning the feeding of their birds, since the domestic industry has not bothered to develop and produce sufficient feed for these birds. If such feeds are produced, then in small volumes they are a large deficit and, as a result, a high price for them, which increases the cost of the products obtained and makes the quail breeding business unprofitable.
Beginner quail breeders do not risk making feed for their wards with their own hands. Some simply have no idea what it is made of, i.e. do not know its composition and recipes, others are simply afraid to do something wrong. Therefore, they try to find ready-made compound feed, not paying attention to their high price and transportation costs. For the sake of fairness, it should be said that often experienced poultry farmers also prefer ready-made feed, probably to reduce the time spent on caring for a bird. Compound feed for quails, if you are lucky enough to find it on sale, is divided into several types, taking into account all ages of birds.
Poultry compound feed is made in special conditions. The basis of the quail's diet is chalked wheat and corn grains. According to the established norms, the proportion of grain is 50 percent. The rest comes from all kinds of grain and herbal supplements, which may vary depending on the age of the bird.
Sooner or later, any quail breeder thinks about how to make compound feed at home with his own hands and the main goal is to reduce the cost of production. According to the calculations of experienced poultry farmers, compound feed of their own production is about 30 percent cheaper than the same feed sold in retail.
Factory-made compound feed for quail
What compound feed is produced
Quail feed is divided into 3 groups:
- Starting - it is given to newly hatched chicks from the first or second birthday to three weeks of age 21 days;
- Growth food - given to quails after the starting, starting from three weeks of age, approximately to the fiftieth day;
- Laying hen - given from the sixtieth day.
A special fattening combined feed is produced, which is sometimes replaced with a growth feed.
More details about each type of produced compound feed for quails
Let's start with a starter compound feed for quails, which is quite problematic to cook at home. Many experienced quail breeders prefer to buy it for several reasons. Firstly, it is difficult to cook it, and secondly, small chicks eat little, therefore its consumption is small, which means that the costs are small. It should also be borne in mind that diurnal quails are extremely demanding on the quality of feed and even minor violations of the recipe can adversely affect not only their growth, but also their survival. It is for this reason that it is not recommended to make starter feeds with your own hands at home. It is preferable to use a proven feed made in the factory.
There are two types of compound feed for quails for feeding small chicks and for adult birds. In terms of composition and recipe, they are largely similar, but there are also nuances.
Compound feed for young animals
From the first days of life, the use of feeds of the PK-1 type is recommended. This compound feed for quails is the main one. Its main part is corn and wheat with the addition of wheat bran and barley. One of the most important elements of PC-1 is bone meal, which contains about 40 percent, it is necessary for the rapid growth of birds and weight gain. Salt is also added to this type of compound feed.
Feed for young animals PK-1P
The next type of compound feed PK -2-1 is based on wheat and corn, but unlike the above, it contains fat, fish meal and sunflower oil. Limestone and salt are also added.
Another commonly used type of compound feed is PK-5. It is based on about 60 percent of wheat and corn. The composition of the protein supplement is about 35. It consists of sunflower meal, fish oil, sunflower oil and fish meal. The composition of the mineral part is about 5 percent and includes salt, chalk, lysine, phosphate. This type of compound feed is preferred for feeding small chicks and productive females.
Many poultry breeders claim that any food can be suitable for 1-2 day old chicks, but it must be given soaked.
Compound feed for adults
Compound feed PK-2-2 in its composition is very similar to PK-2-1, but the proportion of grain and protein parts is slightly different.
The PK-4 feed is based on wheat, corn and barley, wheat bran and flour are also added. Mineral supplements are composed of limestone, shells and salt.
In compound feed PK-6, the grain part is equal to 65 percent and consists of barley, wheat and corn. The protein part is 30 percent and consists of yeast, sunflower oil cake, fish oil. Minerals 5 percent - lysine, limestone, phosphate.
The composition of feed for quail weekly
It is important at every time to give food rich in those elements that are required by the growing body of the quail. From this, they will not only grow, but their organs will also form correctly.
From the first day to 35 days
At this time, chickens in particular need a properly balanced feed, since, having barely had time to dry out, they move a lot, spending energy and, besides, they grow quickly. When making food for quails with your own hands of this age, you need to be guided by the following recipe:
- wheat grain about 50 percent;
- corn grain 10 percent;
- soybean meal 15 percent;
- fish meal 10;
- fish oil about one percent;
- monocalcium phosphate;
- limestone flour;
It is worth knowing that the composition of the premix contains all the necessary set of vitamins and biologically active elements.
From 35 to 42 days
Food for chicks of this age consists of the following ingredients in percent:
- wheat and corn 35 each;
- sunflower meal 10;
- wheat bran 7;
- fish meal 5;
- sunflower oil 2;
- fish oil 1.
Additionally, an addition is required according to a specially developed recipe: soda, salt, monocalcium phosphate, methionine, Bacell enzyme, lysine, limestone flour, Natufos 1000, natuzim, premix.
From 42 days and older
To prepare this feed, take (data in percent):
- ground wheat grain 25;
- ground corn 20;
- soybean meal 15;
- bran 10;
- sunflower meal 10;
- fish meal 5;
- fish oil about 1.
Additionally, an addition is required according to a specially developed recipe: salt, lysine, soda, methionine, monocalcium phosphate, limestone, Bacell enzyme, premix.
Composition of feed compound
- ground wheat grain 35;
- high-protein feed product 20;
- ground corn 10;
- sunflower meal 10;
- wheat bran 5;
- fish meal 5;
- fish oil 1.
Additionally, an addition is required according to a specially developed recipe: methionine, shell flour, monocalcium phosphate, soda, lysine, salt, Bacell enzyme, premix.
Cooking compound feed for quail with your own hands
Quails are not picky in the content, as a result of this, if they are given grain, they will willingly peck it. However, this does not mean that you can feed them whatever you want. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the composition indicated in the recipe. Those. make compound feed with your own hands. It is done quite simply.
Do it yourself
For young animals
- For cooking, you need to take one kilogram of wheat grain, 400 gr. corn, 100 gr. barley grain.
- Next, we mix these ingredients.
- If there is debris in the mixture, then it must be removed.
- We crush the grain.
- Now add half a teaspoon of vegetable oil to the resulting mixture.
- Next, add half a teaspoon of bone meal and the same amount of salt.
- Mix everything well.
This amount of feed is calculated for forty days for one quail chick. To calculate how much feed is required for all livestock, you need to multiply the mass of all ingredients by the number of quails you have.
For adults quail
- Mix 700 gr. Corn, 400 gr. Wheat grains and 100 grams. Pea (peas must be dried).
- Grain crushing.
- Now it is necessary to add one teaspoon of vegetable oil into the mixture.
- Next, one tablespoon of salt and in the same amount of chalk and ground shell.
This quantity of the feed must also be enough for forty days. The feed prepared in this way is given as in a dry form, but it is possible to swing it, giving like porridge.
Video "Great feed at normal home conditions"
In this video, it is shown how to make feed for quail at home.
Supplements from waste
In the feed, which are made in the factory conditions, vitamins and minerals are necessarily added. Making feed on an independently like perfect ratio to achieve hard. However, as a special vitamin feeding, a mixture of a variety of vegetables and waste of fruit can be made. For birds, it will not only be extremely useful, but also well economically.
For example, the following residues are suitable for cooking:
- carrot peel;
- peel beet;
- cabbage leaves;
- various greens;
- Apple peel from apples;
- Pumpkin can be given both in the whole form and its purification, etc.
If such cleanrs accumulated a lot, then you need to wash it well, remove the rot and pouring into a saucepan on a small fire. Cooking is needed about forty minutes. This is done for disinfection, various bacteria and malicious microorganisms die as a result of boiling. Then this mixture should be warm up and is given quail as a porridge in which you can add grain or feed.
How to choose Makuhu
Makuha is included in almost all recipes for mixing for different animals. About how to choose it correctly, we will tell in this article.
Soybean Makuha is often included in a variety of combined feed. But you need to know that it is impossible to give even a well-crushed soy grain, which is poorly absorbed and, instead of use, will rather bring harm not only quail, but another bird. The main indicator to which you need to navigate, buying soybeans is the content of protein and aurasa. Here is the next situation. If protein is desirable more than 38 percent, then the Aurase should be as small as possible. In the event that the content of the Aurase is more than 0.15 percent, then this is not only extremely negatively affects the health of chicks. If this norm is exceeded, their death may occur. Usually, this harmful element is neutralized at high temperatures, as well as when the oil is spinning. Buy Makuchi only those sellers who have the opportunity to check the product produced by them on the content of the Aurase.
When choosing sunflower Makuha, the first thing to pay attention to its color. It must be light brown. Makuha for the feeder is purchased only fried, it should be pleasant to smell.
Other feed additives
For better growth, the digestibility of the feed and the formation of the internal organs of the birds in the combined feed are necessarily introduced various additives. They must be present in feed for quails made by their own hands.
Feed chalk (limestone)
Feed limestone is needed to maintain the required level of calcium in the feed. The usual norm is 3.5 percent. It is mined only in certain fields. Feed chalk must have a fraction of about two or three millimeters. In some cases, in the absence of feed limestone, it can be replaced with a construction chalk or shellham.
Premix and BMVD
A premix is a special vitamin and amino acid supplement. Its content in the feed should be from one to two percent.
BMVD is a special protein-mineral vitamin supplement containing not only amino acids, but also enzymes.
According to the experience of many quail breeders, BMVD must be constantly introduced into the feed. The rate is 9.7 percent.
Answers to frequently asked questions
What is the best way to mix the feed ingredients? If the amount of compound feed is small, mix it by hand. But if you need to mix a large volume, then an ordinary concrete mixer, which makes cement mortars, can come to the rescue here at home. Wash it thoroughly, fill in all the required items and turn it on. After 5-10 minutes, all ingredients will be well mixed.
Is it possible to make pelleted feed at home? Yes, you can, but then you have to buy or make a granulation machine with your own hands at home. They are still rare on sale. They may be more available in the future. Granulated feed is better than regular feed. When eating the pellets, the bird eats all the required substances indiscriminately, and when eating the usual one bites to choose from and some useful components remain unaffected.
Video "Granulated food at home"
This video shows how the granulation machine works.
How much feed should you give? Combined feeds are given in such a volume that nothing remains in the troughs until the next feeding. This is necessary for the birds to eat everything, including vitamin supplements, which usually end up at the bottom of the feeder.
What is Mycofix for? Mycofix is a mycotoxin absorbent. Compound feed at home can be done without it. It is required if the grain is of dubious quality.
Is soybean cake required in compound feed? The soybean cake contains many useful elements, and if it is absent, it is replaced with fishmeal. But this is not profitable from an economic point of view, since soybean cake is much cheaper than fishmeal. Soybean cake cannot be replaced with sunflower cake. Sunflower macuha contains too much fiber and high fat content. These two factors can lead to various diseases in quail.
What is the best temperature for egg production? According to many years of experience in breeding quails, +20 degrees is considered the best temperature for egg production. In case of deviation from this norm, not only egg production decreases, but also the quality of eggs deteriorates.
How much cake is stored? Both soybean and sunflower cake can be stored in summer without losing their quality for about two months. You need to choose a cool storage place. In winter, about 4-5 months.
Video "Simple making vitamin supplements with your own hands"
This video shows how a vitamin supplement for quail is made from food waste.
A properly selected diet is half the success in breeding any pets and birds.
Some farmers buy ready-made feed, while others make their own. Both quails and any other birds need the right diet.
In order for the quails to grow quickly, it is necessary to take care of a balanced diet of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and microelements.
Adult quails are distinguished by an increased metabolism, which means that it will not be possible to ensure their full development without high-quality feed.
Consider options for feed recipes that you can make with your own hands at minimal cost.
How to make food for quail chicks with your own hands
Quail chicks in the first 30 days after hatching need special care and, of course, feeding.First of all, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- ensure constant access to water (first, you can use plastic covers for drinking, and then replace them with vacuum drinkers),
- chicks periodically need a solution of potassium permanganate,
- it is better to warm up the food a little to room temperature,
- the first seven days, babies are fed five times during the day, then from the next week the number of feedings is reduced to four, and after another week - to three,
- Leftover food should not be left in the bowls for more than two hours.
- The first few days the babies are given eggs. They must be cooked and chopped, and also mixed with wheat and oatmeal in a ratio of 3 to 1. Then, millet porridge and yogurt are included in the mixture.
- A mixture of egg yolks, bran, chopped greens, chopped carrots is suitable for daily babies. The feed is finely rubbed through the net.
- For weakened chicks, chicken or quail eggs are recommended. They must be boiled and cut into small pieces, the shell is left and mixed with an egg. Such food is suitable for the first days of life. Then, cottage cheese is added to the diet at the rate of two grams per chick. On the third day, chopped greens can be added to the curd-egg mixture. Two days later, a mixture of wheat groats, quail eggs, boiled fish, and greens is added to the food.
VIDEO ON TOPIC
Chick food recipes
This recipe is for 1 chick for 30-40 days.
- mix 1 kilogram of wheat grits,
- 100 grams of barley groats,
- 400 grams of corn grits,
- one teaspoon of vegetable oil
- one fourth spoonful of salt,
From day 14, chicks are allowed to feed small shells and gravel.
It is also important to ensure that you have enough protein. Starting from the month of life, you can switch to food for older individuals.
What to make feed in the summer for adult quails
In summer, birds lead a more active lifestyle and need food with a slightly different composition compared to the winter option.
The diet of adult quails should include the following ingredients:
- legumes, grain waste, grain,
- pea seeds, beans, corn, barley, rice, soybeans, barley, millet, bran, millet, weed seeds,
- meat and bone meal, fish meal, fat, yogurt, cottage cheese, eggs, earthworms, bloodworms and other additives,
- vitamins A, B, C, D, E, PP (found in cabbage, dandelions, potatoes, beets, nettles, carrots, zucchini, garlic),
- chalk, gravel, shells, egg shells, table salt and other minerals.
VIDEO INSTRUCTIONConsider a 1 kg feed recipe for quail feeding in summer
- dry corn kernels - 150 g,
- wheat - 300 g,
- wheat bran 70 g,
- barley - 150 g,
- cake - 170 g,
- meat and bone meal 20 - g,
- fish meal 20 - g,
- shell - 30 g
- salt - 2 g
- premix - 10 g,
- mell - 13 g,
- peas - 23 g
- vegetable sunflower oil - 20 g
- feed yeast 30 g.
The grains must be finely crushed, all the ingredients must be mixed well. In these proportions, the feed is enough for 40 days per individual. It is permissible to give such food dry or in the form of gruel.
In summer, quails need more greenery. It is needed to improve the digestibility of foods, as well as digestion in general.
The diet must include fresh leaves of cabbage, beets, clover and spinach.
Any greens must be carefully chopped so that the quail does not choke. Use earthworms to further enrich your feed with protein.
Quail food recipe in the winter season
Consider a food recipe for adult quails that will suit them in the cool season for one individual per day.
- grain-flour feed from barley, oatmeal and millet groats - 12 g,
- protein products (fish, minced meat, cottage cheese) - 12 g,
- foods containing vitamins (carrots, lettuce, cabbage, herbs) in any quantity,
- chalk, shells or other minerals - 3 g,
- sunflower meal.
The ingredients must be thoroughly chopped and mixed. Quails need food twice a day. Usually, a bird takes about 25 g of feed in one day.
Since the food is poorer in winter, the birds need additional vitamins to maintain their strength.
For this purpose, feed is enriched with millet, sprouted oats and green onions. If there are pre-dried herbs, it is also recommended to include them in the diet.
These birds willingly eat clover, alfalfa, nettles. They are allowed to be added to any proportions in quail feed .
Cooking hens for quail
The peculiarities of the composition of feed for quail laying hens include the maximum nutritional value, while the bird should eat at least 30 g per day.
The composition of the feed must necessarily contain about 26% of crude protein, it is important to observe the ratio of all ingredients. The food must be supplemented with eggshells.
All this will increase the egg production of laying hens, provide them with comfortable conditions for laying eggs.
The following are recommended as the main ingredients for quail feed:
- barley flour,
- weed seeds,
- meat and bone meal,
- sourdough milk.
Additionally, it is worth including in the diet boneless fish, yeast, mineral supplements, vegetables - onions, potatoes, cabbage.
Consider a ready-made feed containing 22% dry protein, 2% calcium, 1.6% phosphorus and 0.6% sodium.
The composition of the feed must include such components as:
- corn - 20%,
- millet - 15%,
- wheat - 19%,
- sunflower cake - 4.9%,
- powdered milk - 4%,
- meat and bone meal - 12%,
- fish meal - 12%,
- dry yeast - 6%,
- ground shell - 2%,
- table salt, mineral additives.
Additionally, for layers, vitamin E, sauerkraut, chopped carrots and apples must be added.
Useful tips for making do-it-yourself quail bird feed:
- dairy products included in the diet, it is advisable to use fermented, otherwise they will quickly deteriorate in the feeder,
- the eggshell requires preliminary boiling, and the shell requires rinsing,
- potatoes must be boiled in advance and kneaded thoroughly,
- it is important to check any residues of vegetables used to prepare the feed for rot,
- it is better to use wheat in the form of not flour, but cereals (flour, forming a sticky mass, can stick to the bird's beak),
- legumes, lentils need daily soaking and further grinding through a meat grinder,
- poultry mash can be prepared in broth - fish or meat,
- for the manufacture of feed, only grain peeled from the shell is suitable.
Thus, using high-quality ingredients, you can independently and with minimal cost prepare feed yourself at home or on a farm.
Quails are unpretentious birds, and their breeding, even if it lasts only a warm season, allows you to get healthy dietary meat products and delicious eggs. But the daily weight gain and the number of eggs will depend on feeding.
Not all farmers are ready to use factory feed. Such food has a balanced composition and contains all the microelements and vitamins necessary for birds, but the price of food is not the smallest. Poultry farmers have found a way out of the situation - making mixtures at home.
What is needed
Grain is given to quails in crushed form, which means that you will need to purchase a grain crusher. A similar machine is purchased in a specialized store, or is made independently.
Compound feed is prepared from the following ingredients:
· Wheat grains;
· Corn grains;
· Herbal flour;
· Wheat bran;
· Feed yeast;
· Meat and fish meal;
· Table salt;
· Crushed chalk and shell rock;
Note to the poultry farmer. It is most profitable to buy grain in bulk directly from the farm at the time of harvest. The market value is significantly different upwards.
The components are passed through a grinder and mixed in certain proportions. Each quail age group has its own norms.
Young growth at the age of 7 - 28 days
The food is prepared according to the following recipe:
· Feed yeast 0 2%;
· Corn grain - 40%;
· Wheat grain - 8.6%;
Bone meal - 3%;
· Dry return - 3%;
Table salt - 0.4%
Premix (P5 - 1) - 1%;
· Crushed shell rock and chalk - 1%;
Fish meal - 5%;
· Soybean meal - 35%;
· Herbal flour - 1%.
Age group 35 - 42 days
For older birds take:
· Feed yeast - 3%;
Bone meal - 3%;
· Corn grain - 43%;
Table salt - 0.5%;
Premix (P6 - 1) - 1%;
Wheat grain - 25%;
Wheat bran - 5%;
· Crushed shell rock and forage chalk - 1%;
Fish meal - 5%;
Herbal flour - 3.5%;
· Sunflower meal - 10%.
Age group 42 days or more
The following recipe is designed for adults, and is also suitable for quail in the egg direction:
Corn grain - 41%;
Wheat grain - 16%;
Bone meal - 4%;
Table salt - 0.6%;
Premix (P1 - 1) - 1%;
Wheat bran - 5%;
· Crushed shell rock and forage chalk - 1%;
Fish meal - 5%;
Herbal flour - 2.5%;
· Sunflower meal - 20%;
· Soybean meal - 20%.
A balanced diet allows you to receive not only high quality products, but also helps to maintain the health of quails.